What is Best and Worst about Trini Men? - Page 5 of 9
Traditionally, in Indian-Caribbean families parents arranged marriages for their in Trinidad and Tobago, according to the Hindu Marriage Act, a girl may marry. Trinidad and Tobago are the southernmost islands in the Caribbean Sea. .. In the past, East Indian women were betrothed in arranged marriages at young. Cultural traditions, forms of oppression, nati onal identity, and historical .. of dating and marriage between people from different ethnic groups in Trinidad.
Traditionally, in Indian-Caribbean families parents arranged marriages for their children. Marriage was seen as not only the joining of two persons, but also the joining of two families and two communities.
In such marriages, individuals married at an earlier age. Even in the late twentieth century in Trinidad and Tobago, according to the Hindu Marriage Act, a girl may marry at fourteen and a boy at eighteen, and under the Moslem Marriage Act, both girls and boys may marry at twelve.
One of the reasons for early marriages was to prevent the daughter from getting into relationships where she might become pregnant and bring disgrace to the family.
Interracial or mixed marriages have been unusual. Political parties and candidates appealed to ethnicity. Williams maintained that the PNM was a multi-ethnic party, but its interests were soon identified with Blacks.
The PNM held power from untilleading the country to independence in Its perpetual opposition parties were identified as "Indian," given the composition of their leaders and followers. Politics became an ethnic zero-sum game. With independence, symbols of the state and nation were conflated with what was taken to be Afro-Trinidadian culture, such as Carnival, the steel band, and calypso music—turning the colonial hierarchy on its head.
Deviating cultural practices, such as "East Indian culture," were labeled as unpatriotic and even racist. The country was depicted as a melting pot where races mixed under the rubric of "creolization. A discourse of the past entered, centering on arguments over which group historically contributed most substantially to building the nation, which therefore is construed as legitimately belonging to that group.
There were two opposing but related processes at work. First, an identification of nation, state, and ethnicity to construct a "non-ethnicity" where there are "Trinidadians" and then there are "others," that is, "ethnics. Through the mids, Afro-Trinidadians and Creoles were able to command this discourse, but East Indians began to mount a serious challenge.
At the same time, there was even a small group claiming "Carib" Amerindian identity. Post-independence ethnic relations have involved contests to control the state and the allocation of resources. The PNM maintained dominance through a patronage network targeted at urban Blacks as recipients. This was accomplished by a tremendous state expansion facilitated by the oil boom of the s, which led to one of the highest standards of living in Latin America. Indo-Trinidadians were also able to take advantage of gains in education and fill lower-level state jobs.
The government nationalized many industries, including sugar, which employed mainly Indians. A downturn in oil income severely limited state patronage opportunities. Albeit absent from formal politics, Whites, Chinese, Syrian, and some Indo-Trinidadian entrepreneurs control significant sectors of the economy. But byan Indian-based party, the United National Congress, barely prevailed, bringing to power the country's first Indo-Trinidadian prime minister, Basdeo Panday.
While symbolic ethnic conflict seems to permeate daily life, it must be emphasized that Trinidad has never exploded in ethnic violence, as has its neighbor Guyana which has a similar demographic profile.
Urbanism, Architecture, and the Use of Space In cities, glass and steel high rise office buildings mingle with colonial houses with gingerbread fret-work. The colonial Red House is the parliament building, and Woodford Square, the site of political rallies, sits opposite.
Exclusive neighborhoods feature modern and colonial mansions with satellite dishes. Concrete public housing projects evoke their counterparts elsewhere and shanty towns exist on the urban periphery. Suburban developments are reminiscent of American ranch-style houses. The ever-present cacophony in urban areas is the result of cars, taxis, "maxi-taxi" minibuses, street vendors, pedestrians, and the homeless jamming the streets.
Women develop stock responses to men's "sooting" cat calls. Development in rural areas means concrete houses built on pilings to allow a breezeway and carport underneath.
Iron lacing decorates a colonial style mansion in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago. Food and Economy Food in Daily Life. Cuisine is ethnically marked.
A typical Creole dish is stewed chicken, white rice, red beans, fried plantains, and homemade ginger beer. Indian food consists of curried chicken, potatoes, channa chick peaswhite rice, and rotian Indian flatbread. Chinese food is typically chow mein. However, all of these are simultaneously regarded as national dishes and food metaphors are made to stand for the nation. Trinidadians are said by Creoles to be ethnically "mixed-up" like callalooa kind of soup made from dasheen leaves and containing crab.
Crab and dumplings is said to be the typical Tobago meal. A society-wide concern for cleanliness is revealed when concerns over food preparation are voiced. Food Customs at Ceremonial Occasions. Indian food taboos and customs remain in some areas, while in others, the food customs are reinterpreted and take new form or are not relevant.
A society-wide ethos valorizing generosity with food prevails, especially at ceremonial occasions. The Muslim festival of Hosein, with its drum-beating and in the old days stick-fighting is the only festival which is known; Negroes sometimes beat the drums. Indian weddings are also known. There is little interest in the ritual; it is known only that food is given to all comers.
Food is important in both Hindu and Muslim celebrations. In Christian families, sorrel, made from a flower, and ponche de creme, a kind of eggnog with rum, are typical Christmas drinks. Ham and pastelles are Christmas fare. Upon independence the PNM followed the colonial "industrialization by invitation" import substitution strategies to lure foreign capital and protect local manufacturers.
- Caribbean Families - Mate Selection And Marriage
- East Indians in Trinidad - Marriage and Family
- What is Best and Worst about Trini Men? - Page 5 of 9
The oil boom of — saw continuous real Gross Domestic Product growth averaging 6. Government and private spending accelerated. Members of the expanding middle-class made frequent shopping trips to Miami and Caracas. The subsequent fall in oil prices meant losses in savings and foreign exchange, disinvestment, privatization, International Monetary Fund-directed trade liberalization policies, and general austerity.
In the s unemployment ran at more than 20 percent. Imported food and consumer goods are still prized. Agriculture occupations continued to decline as service industry occupations grew. By the end of the s there was reason for optimism. Inthe economy grew by 4 percent, compared with a 1. Over the same period, inflation dropped to 3. Land Tenure and Property. Land ownership is thoroughly commoditized and the government maintains significant holdings.
The Sou-Sou Lands organization, named after a rotating credit association, redistributed land. Squatters remain in a number of areas.
The Afro-Caribbean institution of "family land" exists in Tobago. A rural cooperative institution known as gayap is a means whereby some lands are cultivated and houses constructed. There is considerable formal and informal market commercial activity in the sale of imported and locally-produced consumer goods. Towns like Chaguanas in central Trinidad have impressive high streets devoted to shopping.
There are air-conditioned shopping malls around the country, supermarket chains, and small "mom and pop" shops "arlors" with the owners living upstairs. Sales are fueled by a well-developed advertising industry and communications network. There are a number of regional open-air produce markets. Government- and foreign-owned oil, natural gas, and iron and steel industries are the most important industries. A number of international goods are manufactured locally under license.
Sugar is exported by the state firm. International tourism is underdeveloped in Trinidad, but government has taken steps for its promotion. Tobago is a growing international tourist destination. Commodities sold on the international market include oil, steel, urea, natural gas, cocoa, sugar, and Angostura bitters. It is the world's second-largest exporter of ammonia and methanol.
The major trading partner is the United States, but inroads were made in the late s into Latin American markets. The traditional ethnic division of labor has tended to break down somewhat with time, but whites and other minorities have retained significant control of the economy. Firms owned by one ethnic group tend to have members of that group in management and as employees. State hiring is more credentials-based, despite the feeling among Blacks and Indians that certain sections of the public service are one or the other's preserve.
Social Stratification Classes and Castes. Given ethnic diversity and ethnic politics, the salience of class is often overlooked or even actively denied.
In fact, ethnicity and class work in tandem. Blacks and Indians have lagged behind other racial groups in earning power. Caste for Indians broke down with migration, but informal claims to high caste ancestry are still made at times. Symbols of Social Stratification. Status symbols tend to be Western symbols—material possessions such as cars, the year model of which are designated by their license plates, houses, television sets, and dress.
Marriage and family - East Indians in Trinidad
Education and use of standard English are key symbols of middle-class status. A tension exists between individualism and expectations of generosity. Upward mobility exposes one to community sanctions, captured by the proverb "The higher monkey climb, the more he show his tail.
The government of Trinidad and Tobago consists of a parliamentary democracy with an elected lower house and an appointed upper house. The prime minister—the leader of the party with the most seats in parliament—holds political power. The appointed president is the official head of state.
The Tobago House of Assembly retains some autonomy. Leadership and Political Officials. We'll cook you some of the most delicious food of your life!
The Caribbean is home to some of the finest dishes including curry and roti dishes, rice and peas, jerk chicken, macaroni pie and more.
Many of our mothers started us in the kitchen at a young age, so expect your mouth to water! Partying is basically our culture. We come from the land of carnival.
Each island and country has their own version of carnival, like Trinidad carnival and Barbados' cropover. We know how to party for days on end straight, so it's not a relationship for the weak!
Move aside twerking, we'll show you how we really know to move! Caribbean girls know how to whine! It comes naturally to us, and we aren't afraid to teach you a thing or two about it hehe. We are all about home remedies. Since we were young, our parents taught us how to use natural products and remedies to help with any problems or ailments.
So if you get sick, you have a well-versed nurse by your side!